Script to find reclaimable space in the datafiles

Storage costs are a major matter of expense in any large database environment. Therefore, in order to operate a cost-optimized environment, it makes sense to regularly review all databases in terms of datafile sizes. Usage of these files can vary dramatically, depending on the application using the database. Therefore, we need a way to quickly identify datafiles which we can shrink in order to save storage costs.

Because we cannot really influence how Oracle places the extents in a datafile, we cannot simply look at the “used” size of the datafile and resize it to that value, but need to find the HWM (high water mark) of each datafile.

Cyrille Modiano has an awesome script to find the HWM of a database:

set pages 1000
set serveroutput on
set lines 500

	v_hwm number := 0;
	v_current_size number := 0;
	v_percent_gain number := 0;
	v_total_space_rec number := 0;
	v_total_data_size number := 0;
	for v_file_info in (select FILE_NAME, FILE_ID, BLOCK_SIZE 
						from dba_tablespaces tbs, dba_data_files df 
						where tbs.tablespace_name = df.tablespace_name)
		select ceil( (nvl(hwm,1) * v_file_info.block_size)/1024/1024 ) ,
			   ceil( blocks * v_file_info.block_size/1024/1024) into v_hwm,v_current_size
		from dba_data_files a,
		( select file_id, max(block_id+blocks-1) hwm
		  from dba_extents
		  group by file_id ) b
	   where a.file_id = b.file_id(+)
	   and a.file_id = v_file_info.file_id;
	   v_total_space_rec := v_total_space_rec +(v_current_size-v_hwm);
	   v_total_data_size := v_total_data_size +v_current_size;
		dbms_output.put_line(v_file_info.file_name || ':');
		dbms_output.put_line('Current size: ' || v_current_size || 'M' );
		dbms_output.put_line('HWM: ' || v_hwm || 'M' );
		dbms_output.put_line('Percentage reclaimable: ' || round((v_current_size-v_hwm)*100/v_current_size,2) || '%');
		dbms_output.put_line('Use following command to resize: ALTER DATABASE DATAFILE ''' || v_file_info.file_name || ''' RESIZE ' || v_hwm|| 'M;');
		dbms_output.put_line('	');
		dbms_output.put_line('	');
	end loop;
	dbms_output.put_line('Total datafiles size reclaimable: ' || v_total_space_rec || 'M');
	dbms_output.put_line('Percentage of space reclaimable in the datafiles: ' || round(v_total_space_rec*100/v_total_data_size,2) || '%');

Hello world

My name is Simon Krenger, I am a Technical Account Manager (TAM) at Red Hat. I advise our customers in using Kubernetes, Containers, Linux and Open Source.


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